Items tagged “oesophagus”

70 results found
Article

Achalasia

Achalasia (primary achalasia) is a failure of organised oesophageal peristalsis causing impaired relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter, and resulting in food stasis and often marked dilatation of the oesophagus.  Obstruction of the distal oesophagus from other non-functional aetiologies...
Article

Epidermolysis bullosa

Epidermolysis bullosa refers to a rare group of genetically determined conditions characterised by blistering of the skin. This can be limited to the soles and palms or extensive whole body involvement.  Radiographic features Gastrointestinal manifestations: limited to the mucosa of the gastr...
Article

Feline oesophagus

Feline oesophagus also known as oesophageal shiver, refers to the transient transverse bands seen in the mid and lower oesophagus on a double contrast barium swallow. The appearance is almost always associated with active gastro-oesophageal reflux 2,3 and is thought to be due to contraction of ...
Article

Oesophageal web

Oesophageal webs refer to an oesophageal constriction caused by a thin mucosal membrane projecting into the lumen. Epidemiology Oesophageal webs tend to affect middle-aged females. Clinical presentation Patients are usually asymptomatic and the finding may be incidental and unimportant. Howe...
Article

Oesophageal carcinoma

Oesophageal carcinoma is relatively uncommon. It tends to present with increasing dysphagia, initially to solids and progressing to liquids as the tumour increases in size, obstructing the lumen of the oesophagus. Epidemiology Oesophageal cancer is responsible for <1% of all cancers and 4-10% ...
Article

Oesophageal cancer (staging)

Oesophageal cancer staging can depend slightly on whether the tumour is squamous cell or adenocarcinoma subtype. Due to the lack of a serosal layer, oesophageal cancer often tends to have mediastinal spread at the time of diagnosis. Staging TNM staging T staging Tx: primary tumour cannot be...
Article

Oesophageal stricture

Oesophageal strictures refer to any persistent intrinsic narrowing of the oesophagus.  Pathology Aetiology The most common causes are fibrosis induced by inflammatory and neoplastic processes. Because radiographic findings are not reliable in differentiating benign from malignant strictures, ...
Case

Feline oesophagus

Barium swallow

I...
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 22 May 2008
75% complete
Barium
Article

Gastro-oesophageal junction

The gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ) (also known as the oesophagogastric junction) is the part of the gastrointestinal tract where the oesophagus and stomach are joined. Gross anatomy The GOJ is normally mostly intra-abdominal and is 3-4 cm in length. To some extent, the oesophagus slides in ...
Article

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a spectrum of disease that occurs when gastric acid refluxes from the stomach into the lower end of the oesophagus across the lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS). Clinical presentation Common clinical features in adults include epigastric and retroster...
Article

Schatzki ring

A Schatzki ring, also called Schatzki-Gary ring, is symptomatically narrow oesophageal B-ring occurring in the distal oesophagus and usually associated with a hiatus hernia.  Epidemiology Relatively common, lower oesophageal rings are found in ~10% of oesophagrams.  Clinical presentation Mos...
Case

Achalasia

Achalasia
 Diagnosis probable
Dr Michael Sargent
Published 05 Apr 2009
60% complete
Fluoroscopy
Case

Coin in oesophagus

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 22 Dec 2009
57% complete
X-ray
Case

Oesophageal atresia

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 23 Dec 2009
91% complete
X-rayBarium
Case

Oesophageal web

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 24 Dec 2009
85% complete
Barium
Case

Achalasia

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 24 Dec 2009
79% complete
Barium
Case

Achalasia and tertiary waves

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 05 Jan 2010
69% complete
X-ray
Case

Corkscrew oesophagus

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 10 Jan 2010
91% complete
Barium
Case

Tracheo-oesophageal fistula - H type

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 20 Jan 2010
85% complete
X-rayFluoroscopy
Article

Congenital tracheo-oesophageal fistula

Congenital tracheo-oesophageal fistula is a congenital pathological communication between the trachea and oesophagus.   Epidemiology Tracheo-oesophageal fistula and oesophageal atresia have a combined incidence of approximately 1 in 3500 live births 1-3,5. There is only a minimal hereditary/ge...

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